תשובות לשאלות בנושא תוכנות מיקרוסופט - גרסאות ורשיונות
מידע זה נביא לכם את כל מה שרציתם לדעת על הגרסאות השונות של מערכת
ההפעלה וינדוס 7 ותנאי הרשיון לגרסאות השונות.
Ed Bott is an award-winning technology writer
with more than two decades' experience writing for mainstream
media outlets and online publications.
מציג כאן מספר מאמרים בנושא ווינדוס 7 , גרסאות
מערכת ההפעלה, ותנאי הרישוי השונים
המאמרים מאת אד בוט בעל הטור
המקצועי הנודע של מגזין ZDNet ואחד מכותבי הטכנולוגיה המשפיעים ביותר
The Ultimate Windows 7 Upgrade FAQ
July 23, 2009
Clean install with Windows 7 upgrade media?
November 2, 2009,
What Microsoft won't tell you about Windows 7
November 3, 2009
Is it OK to use OEM Windows on your own PC
Is it OK to install Office on multiple
השאלות והתשובות המובאות
להלן לקוחות מאתר www.maximumpc.com ומובאות כאן כלשונן
What are The Basic Details?
What are The System Requirements?
I Buy the Windows 7 Upgrade Edition For Use With Windows XP or 2000?
Only See One Version of Each Edition. Am I Getting the 32 or 64 Bit
will I know if my Processor Supports the 64 Bit Edition?
Since I Get a 32 Bit & 64 Bit CD, Can I Install It On Two Machines?
Am Running a 32 Bit Edition of Windows Vista. Can I Upgrade to the 64
Bit Version of Windows 7?
Am Currently Running Windows 7 RC. Can I Upgrade to Windows 7 Retail
Does An Upgrade Edition “Clean Install” Differ From Retail Copies of
What Happens to my old CD Key for Windows XP or Vista? Can I use it
Upgrades from OEM Editions Follow the OEM Activation Rules or Retail?
a Windows XP or Vista Home User, Do I Need to Buy Windows 7 Home
Premium or can I Spring for Ultimate?
I Buy Windows 7 Home Premium, Am I Stuck With It?
Will All of My Hardware be Compatible With Windows 7?
Which Version of Windows 7 is Right For Me?
Conclusion – In Place Upgrade vs. Clean Start
Release Date: October 22nd 2009
Qualifying OS’s For Upgrade: Windows 2000,
Qualifying OS For In-Place Upgrade: Vista
Upgrade Editions: Home Premium,
• 1GHz or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit
• 1GB RAM (32-bit) / 2GB RAM (64-bit)
• 16GB available disk space (32-bit) /
• DirectX 9 graphics processor with
WDDM 1.0 or higher driver
Can I Buy the Windows 7 Upgrade Edition For Use With
Windows XP or 2000?
Yes, but there’s a catch. Only Windows
Vista users will be able to do an in-place upgrade. This means that
Windows XP or 2000 users will be forced to do a clean install. Maximum
PC readers are generally technical enough to know that this is a good
idea anyway, but if your planning on upgrading PCs for friends and
family, bring a USB hard drive and be prepared to stay awhile.
I Only See One Version of Each Edition. Am I Getting
the 32 or 64 Bit Version?
All retail editions of Windows 7 will ship
with both the 32 & 64 bit DVDs. This is a huge improvement over Vista
where users would need to order additional disks manually from
Microsoft. Users who purchase Windows 7 digitally through the
Microsoft store will be allowed to choose which version they want
prior to starting the download.
How will I know if my Processor Supports the 64 Bit
Download and run GRC’s SecurAble processor
testing application. The download is only about 100k, and like
everything from GRC, doesn’t require an install. SecurAble will
quickly tell you if your processor supports 64 Bit instructions, and
if you will be able to use the coveted XP Mode found in Windows 7
professional. Just make sure it says Yes in the Hardware
Virtualization field, and your good to go!
Since I Get a 32 Bit & 64 Bit CD, Can I Install It
On Two Machines?
No. Since you are only given one CD key,
you can only activate a single version at a time. The good news here
is that your CD Key is interchangeable. This means that you can start
out with the 32 bit edition if that’s all you need, knowing that you
can easily format and change over to 64 bit later on if your
requirements change.Some home users coming from XP might be hoping to
cheat the system by calling Microsoft for manual activations on
additional machines, but I’m afraid it won’t work this time. Windows
is constantly checking in with Microsoft for various reasons (most of
which you agreed to in the EULA), and as with Vista, multiple
activations are often caught, kicking both copies into non genuine
mode. Even though this isn’t as serious as it used to be, it’s still
not a good idea, and it’s defiantly illegal.
I Am Running a 32 Bit Edition of Windows Vista.
Can I Upgrade to the 64 Bit Version of Windows 7?
Your only option in this scenario will be
to perform a clean install. Upgrading a 32 bit edition to 64 bit or
downgrading a 64 bit install to 32 bit using the in-place approach is
I Am Currently Running Windows 7 RC. Can I Upgrade
to Windows 7 Retail After Purchase?
If you're using Windows 7 RC right now (as
many of us are), you'll have to back up all your personal data and
perform a clean install of the retail version of Windows 7. After
installation, you'll need to restore your data and reinstall your
apps. As stated in the Windows 7 RC download page, Microsoft doesn't
recommend that you install RC on a personal or "production" machine.
Their stance has always been for users to update beta and RC builds by
formatting and reinstalling.
Does An Upgrade Edition “Clean
Install” Differ From Retail Copies of Windows 7?
The full upgrade process still hasn’t been
finalized, but here is what we do know. Windows XP upgrade editions
were pretty painless. The installer would prompt you to insert a copy
of a previous OS for disk verification, and that was pretty much it.
Assuming you passed this stage, XP would then prompt you to drop the
original install disk back in the tray, and it would push ahead with a
This approach changed with Windows Vista,
and not necessarily for the better. If you followed the official
Microsoft approach, you were stuck installing Windows XP each time you
wanted to format your PC. Once it verified that a qualifying OS was
installed, only then could then upgrade to Vista. This hokey double
install process was a terrible waste of time, and seemed like a
A known workaround now exists that will
allow you to bypass this step, and it’s easier than you might think.
Simply insert your upgrade DVD, boot into the installer, and when
prompted to enter your product key, simply refuse to do so. After you
click through all the warnings and pick the version you purchased, it
would push ahead with the install. Your product key could then be
easily entered later on once you were booted into the OS, and you
could then activate using the normal process.
It is still unclear which of the two
verification methods Microsoft will choose for Windows 7, but they
haven’t given us indication that the newer Vista style approach would
be changing. If that’s true, you might want to keep the workaround
mentioned in the previous question in mind as it will most likely work
in Windows 7 as well. It’s also worth noting that in Vista, the clean
install work around also saved your Product Key, allowing thousands of
users who were unhappy with Vista to downgrade back to XP.
What Happens to my old CD Key for Windows XP or
Vista? Can I use it Somewhere Else?
Based on the terms as they are laid out in
the EULA, no. Users who buy and install Windows 7 using the upgrade
media should expect to lose access to the product key from their
previous OS. While technically this has always been true with Windows
upgrades, before XP, this worked on the honor system. With the debuted
of product activations in XP, it is now a simple matter for Microsoft
to enforce. During a Vista upgrade, the installer would collect your
old product key, and send off a cancellation request to the activation
server. Simply put, don’t bother upgrading a version of Windows that
you will ever need to install somewhere else in the future (this
includes dual boots). If you are hoping to make a multi-boot system,
you will need to buy the full retail version of Windows 7, or find
another spare copy to sacrifice to Redmond.
As mentioned in the previous step, many
Vista users were able to use a workaround to get past this restriction
by using the upgrade CD to perform a clean install without XP present.
Legally you still aren’t allowed to use this version of Windows
anymore, but if you ever chose to go back to the older OS instead, at
least you would have that option. This is just one more reason (among
many) to take the clean install approach.
Do Upgrades from OEM Editions Follow the OEM
Activation Rules or Retail?
Online retailers will often sell heavily
discounted versions of Windows bearing the OEM badge on the outside of
the jewel case. What most people don’t realize, are the restrictions
that come along with the discount. OEM editions are permanently tied
to the first PC it is activated on, often using unique information
gathered from the systems motherboard as an anchor.
Maximum PC readers who like to upgrade
often will most likely find this restriction painful to live with, and
in the long run, many end up finding it to be more of a hassle than
it’s worth. Many Pulitzer Prize worthy stories have been spun in an
attempt to get Microsoft to manually activate OEM editions on new
hardware, but trust me, they’ve heard them all. In most cases if you
simply reassure them it’s only installed on one PC, they will grant
your request, but you shouldn’t count on that.
The good news here is that I’ve had no
problem moving upgrade versions of Vista to new PCs when using Windows
XP OEM product keys. Activations went through without a call to
Microsoft, and if the same holds true for Windows 7, you might have
finally found a use for an abandoned OEM edition.
As a Windows XP or Vista Home User, Do I Need to Buy
Windows 7 Home Premium or can I Spring for Ultimate?
As long as you have a copy of Windows
2000, XP, or Vista, you can buy any upgrade edition you want. It’s
important to note however that on the Vista side, this could impact
your ability to perform in-place upgrades. For example, don’t expect
to be able to do an in-place upgrade of Windows Vista Business to Home
Premium, a clean install may be required. You can also upgrade a lower
version such as XP Home to Windows 7 Ultimate. The price difference is
covered in the upgrade cost.
I Buy Windows 7 Home Premium, Am I Stuck With It?
Every copy of Windows 7 will have the
ability to upgrade electronically to any higher edition. You could
start with Home Premium for example, and move up to Professional or
Ultimate at any point if you feel the need. The upgrade between
versions doesn’t require any reinstall, and in many cases, is
Microsoft has not announced pricing yet on
the upgrades, but you should expect to pay a premium on the retail
price difference between the edition you purchased, and the one you
wish to upgrade to.
Will All of My Hardware be Compatible With Windows
If it worked in Windows Vista, it will probably work in Windows 7.
Many Beta and RC testers of Windows 7 have praised the new OS for its
compatibility, but the truth is, if this were being released back in
2007 when Vista debuted, it would have the same problems. With almost
3 years of driver development behind us, Windows 7 will be born into a
vastly improved driver ecosystem, and newer hardware will work just
If you’re still not quite sure, feel free
to run the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor. It will let you know if it
detects any incompatible hardware or software that might be a problem
in the future.
Which Version of Windows 7 is Right For Me?
Only you can decide on that one, but check
out our handy
Buyer’s Guide more information on which edition is right for you.
Here's an excerpt:
There are three Windows 7 editions that
will be sold at retail in the US market:
Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate
According to Microsoft's
"Which One Is Right for You?" page, here are the common features
(many of which we will cover in current or upcoming Feature Focus
- Improved GUI and desktop navigation
- Windows Search
- Internet Explorer 8
- Windows Media Center
- HomeGroup (Windows 7-specific
Which process is right for me? - In Place Upgrade
vs. Clean StartHopefully
this guide provided you all the information you will need when it
comes to selecting a Windows 7 upgrade edition, but assuming you have
a version of Vista capable of doing an in-place upgrade, should you?
The answer to this is complicated, but it really depends on the user.
Maximum PC readers will probably want to do a clean install for their
top performing machines, but what about friends and family? The danger
of doing a clean install here is that files, settings, applications,
and even customizations they forgot they made are easily wiped out,
leaving you to support them.
The good news here is that the upgrade
process, based on my testing, works exactly as you would expect.
Sidebar gadgets will still be on the desktop, applications and
browsers will retain their settings, start menu icons will still be
present, etc. You will also find that documents, pictures, and music
will be properly tagged, and moved to the appropriate location. The
only personalization settings you lose are the desktop wallpaper,
quick launch settings, and in some cases, the odd application may need
to be re-installed.
All things considered, the in-place
upgrade works fairly well, but make sure you know the history of the
machine before you proceed. If it was upgraded from Windows 98, to ME,
to XP, to Vista, and now 7, your pushing your luck. Are you planning
on upgrading? If so let us know what your setup is.